你在这里

Military aircraft from the US, 联合王国, France. Courtesy of US Air Force/Tech Sgt. Matthew Plew

The Future of 北约 Airpower: How are Future Capability Plans Within the 所有iance Diverging and How Can Interoperability be Maintained?

贾斯汀·布朗克
Whitehall Papers, 18 December 2019
航天, Air Power and 技术, 北约, 国防政策, International Institutions, Martial Power Programme
北约 members are pursuing different paths – this poses new challenges for working together as an 所有iance.

This Whitehall Paper argues that there is an increasing divergence between the pace and trajectory of airpower capability development in the US and the rest of the NATO 所有iance. While the US has held an overwhelming capability lead for decades, the emerging focus on countering Chinese capabilities at scale in the 和平的 theatre, coupled with a continuing resource imbalance, is further eroding the ability of other 北约 air forces to keep pace.

Specifically, this study argues that there are major changes on the horizon in terms of the way that the US wages war from the air and as a joint force. These are likely to make it significantly more technically difficult and politically complex for other NATO air forces to ‘plug into’ US-led coalitions as they have done for decades. From the way that sensor data, weapon allocation and targeting are cued within the kill chain, to a step change in how enablers like AWACS aircraft are provided, to the scale of cross-domain integration, the US is aiming to revolutionise the way it fights. In some cases, other NATO members may not wish to go down the same developmental pathways, even if they are able to do so. This might be because combat aircraft, concepts of operations (CONOPS) or weapons systems developed by the US with a Chinese threat in the 和平的 in mind might be judged unsuitable for 欧洲an needs. However, there are potentially more disruptive ethical and legal issues to do with fighting as part of a future US-led coalition as the latter pursues extensive automation to improve its lethality in a major war. For an alliance whose airpower edge is highly dependent on US enablers, command and control (C2) infrastructure and in some cases equipment, this has major implications. 北约 is first and foremost a political organisation rather than a military one. However, this should not obscure the fact that it is a political organisation with a central purpose – mutual defence and deterrence against state opponents – which requires strong, interoperable military capabilities in addition to political will and unity.

Continue Reading

Become A Member

To access the full text of this article and many other benefits, become a RUSI member.

作者

贾斯汀·布朗克
研究 Fellow, Airpower and 技术

贾斯汀·布朗克 is a 研究 Fellow specialising in combat airpower and technology in the Military Sciences team at RUSI. He is also... 阅读更多

Support Rusi 研究

Subscribe to our 新闻letter